Physical and Chemical Conditioning
All waters consist of dissolved elements. A substantial percentage of those dissolved elements are usually magnesium and calcium carbonates and sulphates. The actual concentration of the salt within the water determine just how hard the water is, the higher the concentration subsequently the harder the water; the lesser their concentration therefore the softer the water. The harder the water, then the much more likely several of the salts will be precipitated once the water is warmed up or concentrated through evaporation. For instance a kettle made use of frequently to boil soft water the actual heat element typically stays clean and free of deposits. In comparison, inside a kettle made use of frequently for boiling hard water, the elements rapidly will become encrusted.
Softening involves the substitution or elimination of calcium.
If hard water needs to be softened then this can be accomplished through any kind of technique that eliminates or replaces the calcium and magnesium within the water.
Rather than changing or removing calcium it’s possible to render calcium much less available for development of deposits. You can do this with the addition of polyphosphates to the water.
The impact in this would be to induce water to react in ways as though it has become softened, even though water is not softened by correct definition with regard to removal or replacement of calcium. A measurement of the softening is the fact that chemically conditioned water requires a smaller amount of soap, as shown within the common soap suds test.
The polyphosphate is usually implemented into the water by installing a dispenser within the pipework; an easy way to deal with all water coming into the home. This kind of dispenser should be reloaded with polyphosphate whenever required.
There exists a number of products in the marketplace that produce a permanent magnetic or electric field for the water to circulate through, some of these devices are designed to be plumbed in to the pipework, while some devices are non-intrusive and can be clamped on or wrapped round the pipework. The impact of the products is to physically condition water. The physical conditioning creates hardly any particular change to the chemical make up in the water and only exerts a physical impact. Because the chemical composition isn’t altered, the calcium salt continue to precipitate when water is warmed up or concentrated through evaporation. Physical conditioning may deliver some of the advantages of softening without essentially softening by removal or replacement of calcium.
Although the theoretical areas of softening and chemical conditioning are effectively understood, the technological concepts behind physical conditioning aren’t completely understood. It’s well-known that magnetic as well as electric fields make a difference in many different chemical and physical processes however it’s poorly understood exactly how such fields impact the precipitation of salts coming from solution within water.